The Effectiveness of a Nutritional Counseling Program on the Anthropometric Measurements of Female Students at Al-Qunfudhah University College

  • Manal Mohammed Abdel Hafeez Mohammed Assistant Professor - Department of Family Education - AL Qunfuthah University Faculty - Umm AL-Qura University - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
الكلمات المفتاحية: counseling program, nutritional status, anthropometric measurements, female students at the University College - Al-Qunfudhah, Saudi Arabia


The study aimed to know the effect of a nutritional guidance program on anthropometric measurements, which is an experimental study on the female students of the Department of Family Education at Al-Qunfudhah University College - Umm Al-Qura University - Saudi Arabia. The researcher conducted a survey study of the nutritional and health status of 107 female students from the Department of Family Education - Umm Al-Qura University Then, a purposive sample of 20 (9 underweight, 11 obese) students was selected, who were diagnosed as suffering from nutritional problems, were carried out from the research community according to nutritional status. They were conducted from the research community by nutritional status. The researcher used the experimental method, one-group design, and multiple measurements. The experiment consisted of distributing a pre-designed questionnaire to the listed subjects from April 1 to July 2021. An educational food program was presented, and body mass index measurements were taken (height in centimeters, weight in kilograms, waist, and buttocks circumference in centimeters), continued for three months. Four measurements were taken, the first before the experiment, the second after the first month of the experiment, the third after the second month of the experiment, and the last fourth after the third month of the experiment. Then the data was analyzed using a repeated measurement binary analysis of variance, and the results showed that the calculated p-value for each of the weight, waist circumference and buttock circumference, are 16.811, 5.015, and 9.151, respectively, which is a function at the level of 0.001, 0.038 and 0.007, which He indicates that the experiment was effective in treating nutritional and health problems. The researcher recommends using the nutritional program to treat nutritional and health problems.


1. Baldasso, J. G., Galante, A. P., & de Piano Ganen, A. (2016). Impact of actions of food and nutrition education program in a population of adolescents. Revista de Nutrição, 29, 65-75
2.Arunachalam, S. and Maheswari, K. (2020). Nutritional counseling on modifying lifestyle practices of obese children. Curr Pediatr Res; 24 (8): 303-306
3.Nehme PA, Marot LP, Nogueira LFR, Marqueze EC, Crispim CA and Moreno CRC (2021) A Nutritional Counseling Program Prevents an Increase in Workers’ Dietary Intake and Body Weight During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Front. Physiol. 12:703862. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.703862
4. Azzeh, F. S., Bukhari, H. M., Header, E. A., Ghabashi, M. A., Al-Mashi, S. S., & Noorwali, N. M. (2017). Trends in overweight or obesity and other anthropometric indices in adults aged 18–60 years in western Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi medicine, 37(2), 106-113.‏
5. Rana, K.; Ghimire, P.; Chimoriya, R.; Chimoriya, R. Trends in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and Associated Socioeconomic and Household Environmental Factors among Women in Nepal: Findings from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. Obesities 2021, 1, 113–135. Obesities102001.
6. Cunha, C. A., Lira, F. S., Rosa Neto, J. C., Pimentel, G. D., Souza, G. I., da Silva, C. M. G., ... & Oyama, L. M. (2013). Green tea extract supplementation induces the lipolytic pathway, attenuates obesity, and reduces low-grade inflammation in mice fed a high-fat diet. Mediators of inflammation, 2013.‏
7. WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean. ) accessed at 20 Desper2021.
8. Kim, B. Y., Choi, D. H., Jung, C. H., Kang, S. K., Mok, J. O., & Kim, C. H. (2017). Obesity and physical activity. Journal of obesity & metabolic syndrome, 26(1), 15.‏
9. World Health Organization (2021) Obesity and overweight: fact sheet number 311. en/index.html. Accessed 28 Jan 2022.
10. World Health Organization. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data. Overweight and obesity, 2016, (accessed 22 January 2022).
11. - Khayri, H. O., Muneer, S. E., Ahmed, S. B., Osman, M. A., & Babiker, E. E. (2016). Assessment of the nutritional status of Sudanese primary school pupils in Riyadh City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Journal of immigrant and minority health, 18(1), 28-33.
12. WHO (2016): Diabetes country profiles 2016: WHO facts about overweight, obesity and diabetes in KSA. accessed at 20 Desper2021.
13. Alshahrani, M. M., & Chandramohan, S. (2017). A cross-sectional study on prevalence of obesity and its association with dietary habits among college students in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Int J Community Med Public Health, 4(5), 1406-1412.‏
14. Al Othaimeen, A. I., Al Nozha, M., & Osman, A. K. (2007). Obesity: an emerging problem in Saudi Arabia. Analysis of data from the National Nutrition Survey. EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 13 (2), 441-448, 2007.‏
15. Mak, K. K., & Tan, S. H. (2012). Underweight problems in Asian children and adolescents. European journal of pediatrics, 171(5), 779-785.
16. WHO. The World Health Organization. Nutrition Landscape Information Systems, NLIS, Country Profile Indicators Interpretation Guide. Malnutrition in Children and Adults-
Underweight Stunting, Wasting, Overweight, WHO Geneva Switzerland 2010. Website available:
17. Shayan-Moghadam, R., Heidari-Beni, M., Riahi, R., Motlagh, M. E., Fesharaki, S., Heshmat, R., ... & Kelishadi, R. (2020). Assessment of Lifestyle and Eating Habits among a Nationally Representative Sample of Iranian Adolescent Girls: the CASPIAN-V Study. Archives of Iranian Medicine (AIM), 23(8).‏
18. Mase, T., Miyawaki, C., Kouda, K., Fujita, Y., Ohara, K., & Nakamura, H. (2013). Relationship of a desire of thinness and eating behavior among Japanese underweight female students. Eating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 18(2), 125-132.‏
19. Alshammari, E., Suneetha, E., Adnan, M., Khan, S., & Alazzeh, A. (2017). Growth profile and its association with nutrient intake and dietary patterns among children and adolescents in Hail region of Saudi Arabia. BioMed research international, 2017.‏
20. El Mouzan, M. I., Foster, P. J., Al Herbish, A. S., Al Salloum, A. A., Al Omar, A. A., & Qurachi, M. M. (2010). Prevalence of malnutrition in Saudi children: a community-based study. Annals of Saudi medicine, 30(5), 381-385.
21. Rumbo-Rodríguez, L., Sánchez-SanSegundo, M., Ferrer-Cascales, R., García-D’Urso, N., Hurtado-Sánchez, J. A., & Zaragoza-Martí, A. (2021). Comparison of Body Scanner and Manual Anthropometric Measurements of Body Shape: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(12), 6213.
22. Singh, S., Ahlawat, S., Pandya, S., & Prafull, B. (2013). Anthropometric measurements and body composition parameters of farm women in north Gujarat. Journal of Ergonomics, 3(1), 1-4.‏
23. Pourhoseingholi, M. A., Vahedi, M., & Rahimzadeh, M. (2013). Sample size calculation in medical studies. Gastroenterology and Hepatology from bed to bench, 6(1), 14-17.
24. SPSS ver 21.
25. Aldisi, D., Afsar, T., Al-farraj, A. A., Alothman, A. F., Al-Mokyel, S. H., AlQahtani, S. A., ... & Almajwal, A. (2020). Efficacy of Dietary Interventions on Weight Loss and Biochemical Parameters Among Saudi Females with Obesity and Overweight: An Interventional Non-Randomized Control Trail.
26. Memish, Z. A. (2014). Obesity and Associated Factors-Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013. ‖ dalam. Preventing Chronic Disease, 11(10), 1-10.
27. Ali, Z. A., Sabahelkhier, M. K., & Babiker, E. E. (2017). Evaluation of the Nutritional Status of Sudanese Respondents in Riyadh City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. J Food Nutr Popul Health, 1(3), 21.
28. Doshi, T. A., Alqubali, H. F., Al-khamis, A. N., Mohzari, R. I., Assiri, M. H., Mari, N. M., ... & AL-Aql, A. F. (2017). Assessment of The Effectiveness of Lifestyle on BMI in Adult People in Saudi Arabia, 2017. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 69(3), 2105-2108.‏
29. Bashatah, Adel. "Nutritional habits among nursing students using Moore Index for Nutrition Self Care: A cross‐sectional study from the nursing school Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." Nursing open 7.6 (2020): 1846-1851.‏
30. Musaiger, A. O., Bader, Z., Al-Roomi, K., & D'Souza, R. (2011). Dietary and lifestyle habits amongst adolescents in Bahrain. Food & nutrition research, 55.
31. Mahmoud, M. H., & Taha, A. S. (2017). The association between eating habits and body mass index among nursing students. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science, 6(03), 14-26.‏
32. Al-Qahtani, M. H. (2016). Dietary habits of Saudi medical students at University of Dammam. International journal of health sciences, 10(3), 353.‏
33. Sogari, G., Velez-Argumedo, C., Gómez, M. I., & Mora, C. (2018). College students and eating habits: A study using an ecological model for healthy behavior. Nutrients, 10(12), 1823.
34. Hall, E., Chai, W., & Albrecht, J. A. (2016). A qualitative phenomenological exploration of teachers' experience with nutrition education. American Journal of Health Education, 47(3), 136-148.‏
35. Grosso, G., Mistretta, A., Turconi, G., Cena, H., Roggi, C., & Galvano, F. (2013). Nutrition knowledge and other determinants of food intake and lifestyle habits in children and young adolescents living in a rural area of Sicily, South Italy. Public health nutrition, 16(10), 1827-1836.‏
36. Viljoen, A. T., van der Spuy, E., & du Rand, G. E. (2018). Food consumption, lifestyle patterns, and body mass index of a group of white South African students. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 42(5), 533-546.‏
37. Horta, P. M., Ferreira, A. D., & dos Santos, L. C. (2012). IMPACTO DE UM PROGRAMA DE EDUCA€ ÇO NUTRICIONAL EM ADOLESCENTES ESTUDANTES DA REDE PéBLICA. Revista de Atencao Primaria a Saude, 15(2).‏
كيفية الاقتباس
Manal Mohammed Abdel Hafeez Mohammed. (2022). The Effectiveness of a Nutritional Counseling Program on the Anthropometric Measurements of Female Students at Al-Qunfudhah University College. مجلة الفنون والأدب وعلوم الإنسانيات والاجتماع, (79), 254-268.