The Prophet Muhammad; A preacher and a social reformer

  • Professor Dr. Osama M. Abu Nahel Professor of Modern and Contemporary History - Department of History, Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences Al- Azhar University – Gaza (Palestine)
الكلمات المفتاحية: Prophet Muhammad, a Preacher, Social reformer, Makkah, Madinah


When the Islamic call was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad the world in general, and the Arabian Peninsula in particular, was rife with political turmoil and social corruption. Consequently: the success of the Prophet Muhammad in his call did not come from a vacuum, but rather as a result of his effort and effort. Allah has given him the means and qualities that enabled him to make his call in the best way, and to bring him close to many of his tribe, and among the other tribes of the Arabian Peninsula.

  Also, after his migration to Madinah, the Prophet Muhammad succeeded in establishing the first Islamic state, and he was able to melt the foundations of all Muslims in his crucible, and he was faithful in communicating his call, and was keen on the arrival of Islam to all people, as he planted in Muslims the highest verses of education and etiquette, in order to make From them and who will come after them a strong generation of faith in Allah, and through the knowledge through which they can master a large part of the world for a time. He also managed to unite the population of Madinah, both Muslim and non-Muslim, under his presidency, after he built the Prophet's Mosque, which served as a beacon to receive religious sciences, and a university to refine the morals and societal values ​​that Arabs and non-Arabs lacked before the emergence of Islam.


First: The Holy Quran.
Second: The hadiths
1. Al-Albany (Muhammad Nasir al-Din) (1997), Sahih Sunna Ibn Maja, Vol. 1, Riyadh: Al-Ma'aref Library for Publishing and Distribution.
2. Sahih Al-Bukhari (2002), 1st edit., Damascus-Beirut: Dar Ibn Katheer.
3. Sahih Muslim (1991), Vols. 1, 3. 4, Cairo: The Arab Books Revival House.

Third: Initial references
4. Al-Asqalani (Ibn Hajar) (no date.), Injury in Distinguishing Companions (Sahaba), Vol. 1, Beirut: The Arab Book House.
5. Al-Bayhaqi (Abu Bakr Ahmed bin Al-Hussein) (1988), Evidence of Prophethood and Knowledge of the Status of the Owner of the Law, Vol. 2, Cairo: Dar Al-Rayyan Heritage.
6. Al-Jawziyyah (Ibn Qayyim) (Rajab 1423 AH), Informing the Signatories on the Lord of the Worlds, Vol. 2, I st edit., Dammam: Ibn Al-Jawzi House.
7. Ibn Al-Atheer (Ali bin Muhammad al-Jazari) (1997), lions of the forest in the knowledge of the companions (As-Sahaba), investigation: Sheikh Khalil Mamoun Shiha, Vol. 1, st edit., Beirut: Dar Al-Marefa.
8. Ibn Hisham (1990), Biography of the Prophet, Vol. 2. Comment on it and output its hadiths: Dr. Omar Abdel Salam Tadmouri, Beirut, Arab Book House.

Fourth: Secondary references
9. Ahmad (Muhammad Helmi Muhammad) (1977), The Caliphate and the State in the Umayyad Period, Cairo: Youth Library.
10. Al-Adawi (Ibrahim) (1987-1988), The Umayyad Empire, Cairo: Youth Library.
11. Al-Ansari (Farid) (Jumada al-Awwal 1416 AH), Tawheed and Mediation in Da`wah Education, Kitab al-Umma, Vol. 1, No. 47, Year 15, Doha: Ministry of Endowments and Islamic Affairs in Qatar.
12. Al-Bayanouni (Muhammad Abul-Fath) (2010), Introduction to the Science of Da`wah, 3rd edition, Beirut: The Resala Foundation.
13. Al-Mubarakfory, Safi al-Rahman (2007), The Sealed Nectar, Doha: Ministry of Endowments and Islamic Affairs.
14. Al-Qahtani (Saeed Ibn Ali) (1421 AH), Jurisprudence of Da`wah in Sahih al-Imam al-Bukhari, Vol. 2, Riyadh: Publications of the Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da`wah and Guidance.
15. Al-Qaradawi (Youssof) (1996), al-Da’ia Culture, 10th edition, Cairo: Wahba Library.
16. Al- Selaby (Ali Muhammad) (2006), The Biography of the Prophet, Presenting facts and analysis of events, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar Al-Maarifah.
17. Ghaloush (Ahmad Ahmad) (2004), The Origins of the Islamic Call, 1 st edition, Cairo: Al Resala Publishers Foundation.
18. Ghaloush (Ahmad Ahmad) (2003), The Biography of the Prophet and Propagation in the Makkan Covenant, 1st floor, Cairo: The Resala Foundation.
19. Ghaloush (Ahmad Ahmad) (2004), The Biography of the Prophet and Propagation in the Civil Testament, 1st edition, Cairo: Al Resala Foundation for Printing, Publishing and Distribution.
20. Shaheen (Atef Saber) (2003), Men and Women around the Messenger, 1st edit., Mansoura: Dar Al-Ghad Al-Jaded.
21. Shalabi (Ahmed) (1987), Encyclopedia of Islamic History and Islamic Civilization, Vols. 1, 2, 12th Edition, Cairo: The Egyptian Renaissance Library.
22. Shalabi (Abdul-Ati) (2006), Islamic Oratory, Alexandria: The Modern University Office.
23. Hashem (Ahmed Omar) (1987), The Rules of the Origins of Hadith, Cairo: Institute of Islamic Studies publication.

Fifth: scientific periodicals and conferences
24. Al-Rawwi (Salahuddin Namiq) (2011), "The Secret Call and Jurisprudence", Journal of Islamic Sciences, College of Sharia, University of Iraq, No. 3, Iraq.
25. Al-Zaki (Aladdin) (June 2008), "The Means of Propagation between Authenticity and Modernity", Khartoum: Al-Da`wah Magazine, The Center for Da`wah, World University of Africa, No. 16.
26. At-Taher (Amin Muhammad) (January 11-12, 2013), "The Phases of Da`wah and its Role in Achieving the Purposes of Sharia", The First International Conference on the Prophet’s Biography, Book One, Khartoum: World University of Africa.
كيفية الاقتباس
Professor Dr. Osama M. Abu Nahel. (2020). The Prophet Muhammad; A preacher and a social reformer. مجلة الفنون والأدب وعلوم الإنسانيات والاجتماع, (58), 466-487.